? Questions Answered ?

Here you will find most of your questions answered however from time to time we do get some new ones. if after reading our Q&A on the selected service you are curious about feel free to use the form below to send us an email or text customer care at 860-993-4079 with anything we might have missed in these sections. Please be patient as we aren’t around 24/7. keep in mind we will get back to you on the next business day.




Skin Care Answered

body sculpting and fat reduction Q&A


Hair removal Q&A

RF skin tightning and HIFU Q&A



Questions still not answered?

no worries, fill out the form below and drop us a line with any question you have and we will get back to you on the next business day.

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?Microblading FAQ?

What is Microblading?

Microblading is a semi-permanent tattoo. Each hair stroke is manually applied one by one with a hand tool vs a machine, to give natural looking results.

Does Microblading hurt?

We use  not one but two types of numbing on the treated are area. We use a topical and another for once the skin is broken. 

Your technician reapplies numbing  throughout the procedure. Pain is minimal, if at all.

What is the difference between Microblading, Microshading and Ombre aka Powder Eyebrows?

The ombre technique differs from Microblading in that we create a misty, powder filled brow similar to the look of makeup, as opposed to simulated hair. The tails of the brow are darker, and fade into a light start to the brow, giving that perfect ombre makeup affect. There is no realistic hair strokes in this technique. Ombre is the best option if you have really oily skin.

Microblading plus Microshading combo is a hybrid of both simulated hair and a powdered look for a 6D affect. 

All three options last 6 months-3 years depending on skin type, daily facial  regimen and sun exposure. 

Do the technicians have certifications?

YES! Our master practitioner is certified and a licensed tattoo Artest with the state of Connecticut and has preformed over 5000+ cosmetic tattoos over her 20 year career.


Can I book a consultation appointment? 

Every Microblading appointment booked need a consult 1 week prior your microblading appointment. During your consultation we determine your shape and decide on a color and we also give you the numbing ointment and instructions on how to apply prior to your microblading appointment.  We recommend scheduling this consultation for these reasons, also if you are unsure about the Microblading procedure and are not ready to commit to the actual appointment.  We do not charge for a consultation appointment. At this appointment we will shape your eyebrows and go over color options and ensure you are ready for Microblading. Bring in your eyebrow makeup and any inspirational photos you may have. Please be advised we will not accept consultation and procedure on the same day. When you book online and if you book dame day your appointments will be canceled and you will be directed to book accordingly to our policies. We thank everyone for understanding :)


Why is an old tattoo cover up more expensive?

Old tattoos are much more difficult than a blank canvas. The older technique used a regular tattoo machine which goes very deep into the epidermis and typically does tissue damage. Microblading is gently applied to the top layer of the epidermis which can result in needing several sessions for the pigment to stick to your traditional eyebrow tattoo. Old ink often heals cool (blue/green) vs the new pigments which are warm and designed to be temporary. Damaged tissue and old ink can be difficult to cover and require more tools, supplies, time and expertise. Corrections are typically needed to perfect your old tattoo. 

*Not all technicians offer cover ups for these reasons. Our specialist are happy to do a text consult at 860-993-4079  to let you know what your options are. We like to be completely transparent and honest with our clients.

I had microblading done else where. Can I have my touch up done at Euphoria Face & Body?

We often get clients that are unhappy with their previous Microblading or have relocated. We ask to please text 3 unedited or cropped photos of the previous work done  to our Customer Care line  860-993-4079  for a text consult. We still go through the same process as a new client to ensure measurements are correct and the pigment is consistent. 

Is Microblading safe?

when it comes to Microblading. It is very important to consider skill and standards on top of cost when selecting your artist. At Euphoria Face & Body we cut no cost and use all disposable tools, the best pigments and pride ourselves on a clean facility beyond health code requirements for the safety of our clients.

Can I get Microblading if I have health issues or am on medication?

You have to get clearance from your doctor before getting Microblading.

How long does Microblading last?

Microblading can  last 6 months-3 years depending on skin type, sun exposure, after care & daily facial regimen. We recommend annual touch ups to maintain color and shape. 

How much does Microblading cost?

We run specials every month. Average cost for Microblading in Connecticut is $400 + . Use caution if prices are in the low $100 bracket because the "technician" is most likely inexperienced, not certified, insured or licensed and is most likely not using sanitary disposable tools which can result in infection and even blood borne disease (hepatitis, HIV, etc.). Ask for before and after photos, healed results and do your research looking for reviews about the artist. 

How long does Microblading take?

Depending on your procedure, ie Microblading, HD Microblading, PHI Brow, etc, it takes 1.5 to hours numbing time is done at home 3 hours prior to your procedure appointment and we provide the numbing agent during your consultation. If you didn’t make a consult 1 week prior to your appointment we will numb you however there is a $45 charge for the time.

How often do you have to get Microblading touched up?

We recommend getting Microblading touch ups every year. Clients that like a dark, rich color come every 6 months. It all depends on how your skin holds the pigment and your preference.  Please remember to take the same precautionary measures for your retouch appointment.

How do I pick a color for Microblading?

We have a large variety of pigment  30+ color options to choose from. We sample them against your skin to make sure it's a perfect match. We try to get as close to the color of your brows as to not tell the difference between your brow hair and the Microbladed strokes. You want to consider that the pigment fades  20-40% on average, when the new skin heals over the Microblading.

Do I have to shave my eyebrows before Microblading?

 NO! You do not have shave off your brows before Microblading, in fact, we can blend the hair to make it look even more natural. If you have black brows and want a lighter color or vice versa, we recommend getting them tinted to the color you prefer a few days  before your Microblading appointment, so your technician can color match to your tinted eyebrow. You can remove the hair if you'd prefer. We do recommend getting the unwanted strays either waxed or threaded before your appointment as to not over irritate the skin the day you do Microblading.

I have no eyebrow hair. Am I a candidate?

Microblading PHI Brow is ideal if you have no hair. Many of our clients have no hair from over plucking or medical reasons. Our technician is trained to design your eyebrows off the bone structure and eye placement, so having hair or lack there of does not stand as an issue.

I have ethnic skin, am I able to do microblading?

You want to consider a couple of things if you have ethnic skin. Ethnic skin often has issues with micro pigmentation. If you have any scars that have turned white, if you keloid or have any tattoos that have raised skin over the tattooed area or did not heal well we do not recommend microblading. Also, the microblading will fade 20-40% on average so if you have a darker skin tone you are risking it fading substantially and may not be visible when your skin heals over. Please feel free to text any questions and/or photos to our customer care line 860-993-4079

I have a scar on my brow area, can I microblade over?

Scar tissue has a more difficult time gripping pigment. Some clients take the pigment well and others may need a few more sessions. 

What is the down time after Microblading?

for the most part there is no down time after Microblading. Redness and swelling will go down after a few hours to a few days depending on your personal makeup. You want to avoid moisture and anything that can cause infection for a few days after Microblading.

What do I do to prep for Microblading?

You want to avoid anything that can thin the blood including medication, alcohol and caffeine. You want to be off fish oil and harsh skin regimens for at least two weeks before Microblading. If you tint your brows, you should do so a week before. You do not want to tint after, until Microblading is completely healed. If you get botox we recommend getting it done 2 weeks before your appointment to make sure muscles have settled into place. Please remember to take the same precautionary measures for your retouch appointment.

Can I wear makeup the day of my appointment?

Yes, we clean and sanitize the area before beginning the procedure. 

Can I work out or go swimming after Microblading?

We recommend not swimming or going in the sauna for two weeks. You want to avoid bacteria getting on the treated area for a week to avoid infection and fading.

Can I change the shape or color after my first Microblading sessions?

Yes, you can adjust color, go thicker, add shading and adjust the shape at your  touch up appointment(s) to a degree. we can add not subtract. 

What is Microblading aftercare?

Our technicians send you home with an ointment and aftercare instructions. You want to avoid touching them, sweat and moisture for a week.  Apply a thin layer of Aquaphore for 4 days after to act as a barrier and help with itching and flaking. Do not apply too much. You want the skin to be able to breath. You can rinse gently with warm water and  q-tip after 24 hours. Do not use any harsh face wash or creams on the brow area. The brows may appear darker a few days after Microblading when the skin begins to heal. Some flaking may occur, do not pick. It may appear patchy while the new skin heals over but strokes usually resurface a few weeks into healing if that does occur. Some people don't have any flaking or awkward phase in the healing process. This all depends on each individuals skin and how they heal. Any tweaks can easily be made at your follow

up appointment. Failure to follow the aftercare could impact your healed results. Please remember to take the same precautionary measures for your retouch appointment. 

Do I have to be 18 to get Microblading done?

Microblading is technically a tattoo so we require all clients to be over 18 and have proper Identification.

Can I get Microblading if I am pregnant or breast feeding?

You are not a candidate if you are pregnant or breast feeding. We cannot use lidocaine or risk infection.

Do you offer Microblading Training?

No, unfortunately we are just to busy to offer training.

Please read the "Are you a candidate" link before scheduling.

Please text any questions to 3D Microblading Eyebrows Customer Care line at 860-993-4079

We look forward to perfecting your brows.

euphoria butterfly.png

Are you a good candidate?

For Microblading and Permanent Make-Up?


We know that life is non stop but it is really important to read the information below in its entirety before scheduling your appointment. We want our gorgeous clients to be educated and fully a part of this process.

- Must be over the age of 18.

- You are  not a candidate if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Before booking your appointment, please answer the questions below, to help determine if you are a good candidate for this procedure.

- Have you ever had permanent makeup before? It does not matter how new/old or how faded the old tattoo is, please text a photo of the brow area with no make on to Customer Care at 860-993-4079 before scheduling your appointment to see what your options are. If you are a candidate please select the "Tattoo Cover Up" option, we need to schedule a longer appointment time for cover ups so it is vital you schedule properly. Thank you.

-Do you have any medical conditions (i.e.: lupus, alopecia, etc.)? If you answered yes please get clearance from your physician and let your technician know so they can use the proper technique.

Have you received chemotherapy or have been taking any sort of chemo medications? 

If you answered yes please get clearance from your physician .

Do you have dermatitis, eczema or any other skin disease around the area that will be treated?

If you answered yes please get clearance from your physician .


Do you have large pores or blemishes on the brow area?

If you answered yes please wait to book your appointment until you are fully healed. If you made an appointment and a blemish appears please reach out to our Customer Care line as soon as possible.  We will not be able to Microblade over the blemish. Be on the look out to avoid the less than 72 hour cancellation fee.

Are you allergic to Lidocaine, Epinephrine, Glycerin, Titanium Dioxide, Cetaphil and/or Carmine? 

If you are not sure we recommend reaching out to our Customer Care line and scheduling a free scratch test that will help us determine if you are allergic to the products used in our Microblading procedure. We use not one but two types of numbing to make sure you are comfortable. A lot of our clients fall asleep and wake up with perfect brows because the pain is so minimal.


Are you taking any antibiotics?

You must be off at least 2 weeks before appointment.


Are you taking any Accutane or other acne medications? 

You must be off at least 1 month prior to your appointment.


Are you taking fish oil? 

We recommend to be off  the supplement for at least 2 weeks prior to your appointment. This is in order to retain pigment to the fullest capability possible.


Are you taking diet pills of any kind?

You must be off at least 2 weeks prior to your appointment.


 If you answered NO to all the questions please go ahead and book your appointment here.

 If you answered YES to one or more questions, please text 3D Microblading Customer Care line at 860-993-4079 with reason why prior to scheduling.



-We recommend getting waxed or threaded for any stray hairs prior to your appointment date, as to not further irritate the skin by doing hair removal right before your microblading application. 

-Please bring in photos of what you like so you and your artist have a clear understanding on what your eyebrow goals are.

- Do NOT take any medications (ibuprofen, aspirin) 24 hours before procedure. 

-We recommend getting botox 1-2 weeks prior to microblading so the muscles have settled

- No alcohol within 48 hours of your session to avoid excessive bleeding 

- No caffeine on the day of the session

- No strenuous work outs for a week after the procedure. Sweat can cause infection.

- Avoid sun exposure 2 weeks before and 2-3 weeks after the procedure

-No children at our facility for their safety 

- We ask that your guest wait in the lobby area 

What to expect with the healing process:

-The healing process takes 6 weeks. You must wait 6 weeks between appointments to make sure pigment has  resurfaced and to avoid causing scar tissue. 

-Pigment will look dark and intense the first week or so because the pigment is fresh. Color lightens by 20-40% when the new skin heals over.

-Any redness or swelling will go away within 2-3 hours but in some cases slight redness/pinkness around or in the tattooed ares will last for 2 months

-The tattoo can get dry and flakey and sometimes appear missing or patchy as skin heals over pigment. It typically resurfaces into week 3-4 of healing. After 6 weeks if it hasn't resurfaced or hair strokes flaked off while healing it is recommended to schedule a touch up between 6 weeks-3 months of initial application date. complimentary touchups are complimentary up to 90 days from initial procedure, after 90 days there is a charge for your touchup. it is our clients responsibility to schedule the complimentary touchup as soon as possible 6 weeks from initial procedure. We are very busy and our schedule is filled solid 4 to 6 weeks out so please book your complimentary touchup asap as to secure your perfect date and time. Some clients experience no scabbing or patchiness, we just like to inform our clients of all possible outcomes as to not be alarmed. The healing process is just that, a process. Everyone's skin heals differently so it is important to follow aftercare instructions given by your technician and be patient with the process. Absolutely no picking or scratching.

-You will start to notice a softer and more natural looking results week 4-6 of healing. You are completely healed and can schedule a retouch if needed from 6 weeks on from your first session.

-Microblading is a two step process. A 6 week touch up is recommended for new clients to complete a defined eyebrow shape and color. A minimum of 6 weeks is required between appointments to avoid the development of scar tissue and infection. In some cases you will need a third follow up if your skin type doesn't retain the ink well. There are different ink options for different skin types. Any adjustments in color, shape and strokes can be made at the touch up.


What is Permanent make-up?

Permanent make-up or “ Cosmetic tattooing” mimics the look of just-applied lipstick, lip liner, eyebrow pencil, and eyeliner. It's done through a process called micropigmentation, where a tattoo pen is used to inject permanent ink into the skin. Each procedure takes between 30 and 120 minutes, and the practitioner uses a local anesthetic numbing cream and liquid to the area being tattooed. Just like any tattoo, initially the color will appear brighter or darker, then will fade. The area will be swollen for anywhere between 2-5 days and can slightly crust over before healing.

How are microblading and micropigmentation different?


  • Semi permanent procedure lasting between 6 months – 2 year.

  • Hair-like strokes are drawn on then traced over, inserting pigment with a
    handheld tool.

  • Can be painful.

  • Procedure takes approximately 1 to 2 hours to complete.

  • Downtime – minimal

  • Healing process takes between 12-14 days.

  • Touch-up appointments are recommended after 45 days and can take approximately 45 minutes.

  • Relatively new technology in the US.

  • Cost: between $255-$600

Micropigmention at Euphoria Face & Body:

  • Permanent procedure lasting between three and seven years.

  • Hair-like strokes are drawn on using a fine artist paint brush and traced over with a digital hand-held electric device which inserts pigment 1-2 mm under the skins surface.

  • Minimal discomfort with topical numbing cream.

  • Procedure takes approximately 30min to 1.5 hour to complete.

  • Downtime – Just about none. you may want to lay low for the day of.

  • Healing process take between 7 to 10 days and Varys from person to person.

  • Touch-up appointments are recommended 6 weeks after procedure and takes 30min to 1 hour.

  • Technique perfected in Germany, available in the US since 1986.

  • Cost: between $175 – $650. This is depending if your touchup is included or not. Most of our permanent make-up procedures are ALA-CART.

  • Pigments used here at Euphoria Face & Body are plant base and hypoallergenic.

What are the coloring agents used in permanent makeup?

Euphoria Face & Body uses safe coloring pigments approved by the European Regulatory Agencies whose guidelines are far stricter than the US FDA, which currently does not regulate tattoo pigments. They contain NOVOXX, which eliminates the possibility of germ contamination. They are inert in nature and don’t interfere with the body’s chemistry. Some other permanent makeup artists use pigments containing printer’s ink, heavy metals such as barium, aluminum or iron oxide, which fade quickly to a pink or greenish shade, and they can cause skin irritation when undergoing an MRI. Plant based pigments are safe, stay true to color, fading gradually to a lighter shade over time.

Is permanent makeup a safe procedure?

The procedures are performed under sterile conditions, using only disposable needle cartridges and with digitally controlled implantation device. There are no long-term side effects; short-term effects may include some redness, swelling, and tenderness. There are no known allergic reactions to our pigments.

Is there any discomfort associated with the procedure?

Unlike in tattooing or some other type of permanent makeup salons we uses topical anesthetics that are highly effective to be applied to the treated area which significantly reduces discomfort. Typically, patients will report a tickling sensation with little or no discomfort during or after a procedure has been performed. Topical’s are given to you on your consultation with instructions on how to apply prior to your procedure day.

How long does the procedure take to complete?

The average time required for a procedure is between one to two hours.

What kind of healing time is involved? Is any care required after the procedure?

Some swelling and redness can be expected for 24 to 72 hours following the procedure. A cold compress helps to reduce any swelling around the area. The treated area must be kept clean. No makeup should be applied for several days. Some skin peeling and lightening of the applied color is normal. If any additional adjustments are desired, these will be made during a follow-up appointment if needed . Regular routines usually can be resumed immediately after the procedure. However, tanning, swimming, or vigorous exercise should be avoided for a few days. Normal healing times is between four to seven days.

Is the procedure guaranteed?

We want our clients to be completely satisfied with the results of their permanent makeup procedures. Therefore, we invite them to return for a complementary follow-up visit 6-8 weeks after the initial procedure and, if need additional treatments after a recommended touchup within the first 12 months post initial touchup. ( ie, if you had a touchup after your initial procedure ) we will assess and correct at no additional cost.

How is the specific desired look and shades of coloring determined?

Euphoria Face & Beauty founder Romy conducts an extensive consultation regarding both the exact contouring and coloring desired. She will recommend the specific treatment and shades to best complement your own skin tones, hair color, wardrobe, and lifestyle. Additionally, Romy will demonstrate expected results by applying penciled makeup on you before implanting the color into the skin.

How is Euphoria face & Body different from other permanent makeup specialists?

Euphoria Face & Body specializes in giving clients a truly natural look. Our clients’ safety and satisfaction is our top priority. We only use the safest and superior pigments as coloring agents. Our pigments meet standards set by the European Regulatory Agencies whose guidelines are far stricter than the US FDA, which currently does not regulate tattoo pigments. Our micro-pigmentation instruments are patented, specifically designed for safe and effective permanent makeup application.

Above all, Euphoria Face & Body founder Romy is committed to providing the best service, care, and desired results to every client. Her expertise and care has earned an outstanding reputation with thousands of satisfied clients.

How long does permanent makeup last?

Gradual fading can be expected for all micro-pigmentation procedures. This varies among people and is dependent on the specific shade used. Most colors last three to five years, although some may not fade for as long as 10 years. Periodic touchups are recommended to maintain the desired look. You can also choose to change colors of your permanent makeup. For instance, a nude lip color can be modified to a peachy pink or a brown eyeliner to a black or navy hue.

How long should I wait before I can have permanent makeup applied after Botox, injectables, chemical peels or laser treatments?

Generally speaking, we recommend to wait at least one week before we apply any permanent eyebrows, eyeliner, or lip liner/color. It may be necessary to wait a few more weeks after laser resurfacing or chemical peel.

Can I have Botox after my eyebrows are permanently feathered and enhanced?

We recommend to wait a few weeks to let the eyebrows heal completely before Botox is injected. A brow lift should not significantly alter the shape of a permanent eyebrow.

Can I have Restylane or Juvederm injected around my mouth after a permanent lip liner procedure? Will it change the look of my lips?

Restylane or Juvederm can be used to further enhance the fullness of your lips and to diminish the appearance of lines around the mouth. The lip liner will not “run” or feather into the vertical lines around the lips.

Understanding Your Skin

Your skin is an amazing organ. It protects you, plays a major role in your appearance, self restoring and self protecting.

Understanding a little about how it works and what keeps it from working right is an important step to skin health.

Lets start with skin type

Oily Skin

The main indication that you may have oily skin is enlarged pores present all over your face. Oily skin also tends to get shiny throughout the day. When blotted with a tissue, visible oil appears. If your skin seems to be getting shiny without enlarged pores, your skincare products could be the problem. 

A great advantage of oily skin is that it ages at a slower rate than other skin types. However, you need to deep clean skin regularly in order to avoid clogged pores. Also, stay away from harsh products that make your skin overly dry, as these can cause your skin to produce even more oil (as counterintuitive as that may seem). This is due to the fact that your oil glands work overtime to compensate for the natural oil loss. The condition is known as reactive seborrhea. 

Opt for non-comedogenic products and avoid ones that are heavy and leave your skin feeling taut. These can settle on the upper layers of skin and restrict oil flow through the pores, causing breakouts and blockages. Use oil-based products to cleanse your skin, as these dissolve sebum effectively and will help you maintain a shine-free complexion. 

Dry Skin

The characteristics of dry skin are dryness, roughness and small pores. Skin tends to be dry, flaky and feels tight. Dry skin has the tendency to become more aggravated during the cold winter months and needs special attention. 

It is important to note that dry skin does not break out, so if you have ever suffered from pimples or acne, your skin is not actually dry. In such cases, a certain product you are using may be the culprit. Keep dry skin hydrated at all times to prevent flaking. Dry skin is also prone to developing signs of premature aging, so using heavier anti-aging creams and serums might be a good idea. 

Combination Skin

Combination skin can be tricky to deal with, as it requires treatments that control both oiliness and dryness. If you have this skin type, your complexion is both oily (around the t-zone area) and dry (cheek area). Gel-based moisturizers are best when it comes to combination skin. These will help balance sebum levels and keep skin hydrated.

While combination skin is usually inherited, it can also be caused by using the wrong products. Switching up your products and using more natural formulations can improve your skin almost immediately. When it comes to combination skin, there is no universal, one-size-fits-all solution. The best approach is to care for different parts of your face separately and to experiment with natural formulas. 

Sensitive Skin

If your skin is sensitive, you have likely experienced unpleasant reactions to products from time to time. Hypoallergenic products are a must for sensitive skin in order to prevent these adverse reactions. It’s also best to avoid products with strong fragrances. Opt for products with natural formulations which are gentle on the skin. Check the label to see if the product is “fragrance-free,” “chemical-free” and “allergen-free.” Products containing lanolin, alcohol or live plant extracts must also be avoided. 

Use a soothing pH-balanced cleanser that is specifically meant for sensitive skin. Also, be aware of the ingredients in the hair products you use, as these can irritate sensitive skin. 

Normal Skin

If you have normal skin, you are one of the lucky ones! Your complexion is balanced and reflects light evenly. There are not many changes throughout the day, and this skin type does not typically erupt in breakouts. 

Many kinds of products can be used on this skin type without causing adverse reactions. However, having normal skin does not mean that you don’t need to care for it. Taking care of normal skin involves considering and preventing future skin concerns such as signs of aging. 

Follow a daily skincare routine and eat a balanced diet to maintain this skin type and continue enjoying clear, radiant skin. 

Now lets talk skin anatomy

Understanding a little about your skins anatomy will help you understand treatment.


The skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet on average. The skin protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold.

Skin has three layers. Each layer has a very important role and its vital to know these.

  • The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and the cells that give our skin color. texture and tone.

  • The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands.

  • The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.


your epidermal layers

There are five main layers of the epidermis; they include the stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, and stratum corneum. 


This is the outermost layer of the epidermis, it is formed by the accumulations of dead cells (keratinocyte) in the outermost epidermis, and these dead cells contained here are eventually shed. In stratum corneum plasma membrane enclosed packets of keratin called corneocytes. In healthy skin, production of epidermal cells is closely balanced with loss of dead cells from the stratum corneum in other that the skin does not wear away completely. 

The rate of cell division increases where the skin is rubbed or where pressure is applied to the skin regularly, causing growth of thickened area called calluses on the palms and soles, and keratinized conical masses on the toes called corns.


This is the thickened skin of the palms and soles. This layer may be missing where the epidermis is thin over the rest of the body. The stratum lucidum is composed of 4-6 layers of flat dead cells.


The stratum granulosum is composed of layers of flattened keratinocytes undergoing apoptosis. A keratohyalin (a protein) in cells is produced in this layer, it assembles keratin intermediate filament into keratin protein. Also in this layer, a lamellar granules release lip-rich secretion for water- repellent sealant to a skin.


This is composed of 8-10 layers of keratinocytes. The keratinocytes begins to join by having keratin intermediate filaments insert in desmosomes. The cells found in this layer are the Langerhans cell and melanocyte projections. In this layer the melanocyte, transport their pigment into the keratinocyte. The dead cells composed in the stratum spinosum are eventually shed.


This is the deepest layer of epidermis. New keratinocyte are produced in the stratum basale, also melanocytes are found in this layer. This layer is close to the dermis and nourished by dermal blood vessel. As the cells in the stratum basale divides and grow, the older epidermal cells are pushed away from the dermis towards the skin surface. As this cells moves away from the dermis so as they are supplied with poor nutrient and in time gets hardened and dies (keratinocytes).


your epidermal cells

There are four cells that make up the epidermis but the ones we are most concerned about in skin care are Karatinocytes and Malamocytes.

Epidermis cells.

1. Keratinocyte
2. Melanocyte

3. Langerhans cells. (This cell participate in immune response against microbes.) 4. Merkel cell. (This is also known as AKA type1 cutaneous mechanoreceptor. This cell detects touch of sensation, they contacts sensory neuron along tactile disc.)


These cells are arranged in layers within the epidermis. As the keratinocyte gets closer to the surface of the skin, produces keratin. It also produce lamellar granules, a water repellent sealant that keeps water out.


These cells produce a dark pigment called melanin, which gives the skin its color. The melanocyte transfers the dark pigment to the keratinocyte. The melanin absorbs ultra-violent radiation in sunlight, preventing mutation in the DNA of skin cells and other damaging effects. “ Hyperpigmentation, melasma, etc “That is to say, that melanin protects us from damage against ultraviolent light. The melanocyte lie in the deepest portion of the epidermis, “ the Basale layer “ even though they are the only cell that produce melanin, the pigment also may be present in other epidermal cells nearby. This is because of the long pigment containing cellular extension that pass upward between epidermal cells. This extensions transfer melanin granules into these other cells by a process called cytocrine secretion.

The number of melanocyte are about the same in all people, the difference in the skin color result from differences in the amount of melanin that the melanocyte produce and in the distribution and size of pigment granules. The skin color is mostly genetically determined. If genes instruct melanocyte to produce abundant melanin, the skin is dark but if the gene instruct melanocyte to produce lesser melanin, the skin is white.


Conditions and Treatments

now that we know why, lets learn HOW

now that we know some basics of the skin, lets talk conditions and treatments. choose a link below to learn more on specific skin conditions and the treatments that can help.




Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin due to an overproduction of melanin. It can be brought on by various injuries to the skin, acne vulgaris, sun damage, and inflammation. It is most common in people with darker skin tones who spend a lot of time in the sun, although anyone with any type of skin tone may develop it. Examples of hyperpigmentation include liver spots, sun spots, age spots, freckles and melasma, also known as (the mask of pregnancy),.

There are three types of hyperpigmentation:


Light brown spots, not as dense as dermal.


Deep brown spots on the skin, some may appear ashen-grey and quite dense and solid.


A mixture of epidermal and dermal, presenting as dark brown spots.


Darkened areas on your skin are the sole symptom of hyperpigmentation. These areas may be localized on your face or hands, or may even cover your entire body.

Who is Affected

Even though anyone of any race or color can be affected by hyperpigmentation, genetically those with darker skin tones as well as Asians and those of Asian descent, are at increased risk. People who spend excessive amounts of time in the sun put themselves at more risk of developing hyperpigmentation because UV rays stimulate melanocytes into becoming hyperactive, and these are the cells that produce the Pigment ( Melanin )


While hyperpigmentation is usually caused by an excessive production of melanin from your melanocytes due to over exposure to sunlight, there are many different reasons behind why the body starts overproducing melanin. Generally, when the skin is damaged in some way, hyperpigmentation is your body’s defense reaction. Various causes include:

  • Sun exposure ( The most common cause of hyperpigmentation & melasma )

  • Chemotherapy side effect

  • Certain medications

  • Changes in hormone levels ( pregnancy, hormone therapy, menstrual cycle )

  • Pregnancy

  • Endocrine diseases

  • Acne

  • Heredity

  • Skin treatment side effects

  • Scratching

  • Various metabolic disorders

  • Rashes

  • Surgical procedures

  • Chicken Pox

  • Eczema

  • Severe sunburn

  • Razor bumps

  • Insect bites

  • Birth control pills

How to Diagnose Hyperpigmentation

What is most important when diagnosing hyperpigmentation is not the darker skin spots themselves but the reason behind why they have appeared. Generally, hyperpigmentation is strongly linked and most commonly associated with overexposure to sunlight, however, there are a number of other possibilities behind why hyperpigmentation has presented, and a doctor will need to delve into your medical history and current medical status to make a diagnosis.

A Wood Lamp is used to analyze the areas of your skin that have developed hyperpigmentation. A Wood Lamp emits black light that allows the skin care practitioner to see any fluorescence—a sign of hyperpigmentation.

Types of Hyperpigmentation include:

  • Solar lentigines: these spots are harmless and usually affect people over the age of 40. They are caused by excessive exposure to UV rays which then cause a proliferation of melanocytes and an accumulation of melanin in your skin cells.

  • The mask of pregnancy: this usually occurs in women (but can develop in men too). Melasma is caused by hormonal changes in your body, as well as excessive sun exposure.

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: this happens when there is an injury to your skin such as a lesion, wound, insect bite, acne scar, chicken pox scar, etc. that leads to excess pigmentation.

How to Treat Hyperpigmentation

Topical prescription medications such as 4% hydroquinone are often used to treat hyperpigmentation. This medication bleaches your skin, though it may take several months for the affected areas to lighten and are temporary. Once you stop this medication your hyperpigmentation is likely to come back.

Treatments for the following degrees of Hyperpigmentation

Mild Hyperpigmentation

  1. Over the counter brightening products that contain one or more of the following. Retinol, kojic acid, Hydroquinone, Tretinoin, Resorcinol, Arbutin, Azelaic acid and Vitamin c, Vitamin e,

  2. Hydro Peel’s “ Microdermabrasion “

  3. Glycolic Acid Peels

  4. Lactic Acid Peels

Moderate Hyperpigmentation

  1. TCA Peels “ Best treatment for melasma

  2. IPL Treatments treatments involves intense pulsed light to treat the affected areas

Dark Hyperpigmentation

  1. Photofacial (IPL) treatments involves intense pulsed light to treat the affected areas

  2. Carbon Yag Phototherapy

It is also important to keep in mind that these treatments are effective only for epidermal hyperpigmentation, as dermal pigmentation cannot be treated from the surface of your skin. Instead, it must be treated with lasers or even invasive surgery (as a last resort) to penetrate the top layer of skin (epidermis) down to the dermal layer. If you have been using brightening creams to treat your hyperpigmentation and, after weeks or months of use, don’t see a difference, you likely have dermal pigmentation and will need to seek treatment from a doctor or dermatologist.

You may also have a combination of epidermal and dermal hyperpigmentation and as such may need to use multiple treatment methods.

Hereditary freckles, on the other hand, cannot be treated.

How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation

Most hyperpigmentation is caused by excessive sun exposure, which means the most important prevention technique is to limit sun exposure, wear sunscreen lotion, and use protective clothing when you are in the sun.

Other modes of prevention include:

  • If you see dark spots of hyperpigmentation developing, immediately begin using brightening products from the drugstore. Look for creams that contain kojic acid, licorice root, pine tree bark extract, or vitamin c as all of these ingredients inhibit the production of tyrosinase: an enzyme that is responsible for the development of melanin.

  • Your skin is sensitive, and it will react to picking and scratching. If you notice a pimple, blackhead, or insect bite on your skin, don’t pick at it. Manipulating these spots will increase inflammation and increase the risk of hyperpigmentation.

  • If you purchase over the counter agents to lighten your skin, be sure they contain other ingredients that will benefit your skin such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and retinol. All of which encourage cell turnover.

  • Individuals who are prone to dark spots on their skin should address issues as soon as they arise. Acne should be immediately treated with acne medication, and insect repellent should be used to prevent insect bites. Use sunscreen lotion if needed, but make it a priority to say out of the sun as much as possible.

  • When spending time in the sun, wear a hat and clothing with good coverage to limit the exposure of your skin to intense UV rays.




What Is The CARBON Facial?

Often referred to as “Black Doll Facial”, this type of skin treatment is a non-invasive and pain-free treatment that is great for minor skin problems and gives you that glow that you desire. It comes from a state of the art Q-switched Nd-Yag machine. This machine works wonders on your skin by producing short, high-intensity pulses of light in order to destroy dirt that may be clogging up your pores. First, your face is cleaned and lotion is applied. The Practitioner will use a carbon lotion that acts as a photo enhancer. The lotion helps with the rapid intensity of the treatment and really focuses on the debris that is causing your clogged pores. The light is absorbed by the black particles of carbon which will be released with the dead layer of skin.

What Are The BenefitS?

There are many reasons why you should try this facial because its benefits are amazing.

  • Tightens pores

  • Reduces acne and scars

  • Removes dead skin

  • Stimulates collagen growth

  • Reduces fine lines and wrinkles

These are just a few benefits of this skin treatment. It is awesome for people who have acne scarring or wrinkles.

How Long Does It Take?

The good news is that it only takes about 35 to 40 minutes when it is done by the pros at Euphoria Face & Body. Also, there is no down time for this treatment! You can go back to your normal life as soon as you walk out of the door which is very convenient. Although this treatment is very quick, if you want noticeably brighter and clearer skin, you will need to have a series of 4 to 6 treatments. You can talk to your skin expert about how long you should wait in between treatments. You do not want to have a treatment too soon after you have already had one in order to prevent any skin damage.